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Types of AI search Techniques

Solution can be found with less information or with more information. It all depends on the problem we need to solve. Usually when we have more information it will be easy to solve the problem. There are two kinds of AI search techniques:

Uninformed search and Informed search.

Uninformed Search

Sometimes we may not get much relevant information to solve a problem. Suppose we lost our car key and we are not able to recall where we left, we have to search for the key with some information such as in which places we used to place it. It may be our pant pocket or may be the table drawer. If it is not there then we have to search the whole house to get it. The best solution would be to search in the places from the table to the wardrobe. Here we need to search blindly with fewer clues. This type of search is called uninformed search or blind search. There are two popular AI search techniques in this category:

Breadth first search and Depth first search.

Informed search

We can solve the problem in an efficient manner if we have relevant information, clues or hints. The clues that help solve the problem constitute heuristic information. So informed search is also call heuristic search. Instead of searching one path or many paths, just like that informed search uses the given heuristic information to decide whether to explore the current state further. Hill climbing is an AI search algorithm that explores the neighboring states, chooses the most promising state as successor, and continues searching for the subsequent states. Once a state is explored, hill climbing algorithm simply discards it. Hill climbing search technique can make substantial savings if it has reliable information. It has to face three challenges: foothill, ridge and plateau. Best first search is a heuristic search technique that stores the explored states as well so that it can backtrack if it realizes that the present path proves unworthy.

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