### Archive

Posts Tagged ‘Graph Drawing’

## Bidirectional search

Bidirectional search is a graph search algorithm that finds a shortest path from an initial vertex to a goal vertex in a directed graph. It runs two simultaneous searches: one forward from the initial state and one backward from the goal, stopping when the two meet in the middle. The reason for this approach is that in many cases it is faster: for instance, in a simplified model of search problem complexity in which both searches expand a tree with branching factor b, and the distance from start to goal is d, each of the two searches has complexity O(bd/2) (in Big O notation), and the sum of these two search times is much less than the O(bd) complexity that would result from a single search from the beginning to the goal.

Categories: AI Searching Techniques Tags:

## Uniform Cost Search

Uniform-cost search (UCS) is a tree search algorithm used for traversing or searching a weighted tree, tree structure, or graph. The search begins at the root node. The search continues by visiting the next node, which has the least total cost from the root. Nodes are visited in this manner until a goal state is reached.

Typically, the search algorithm involves expanding nodes by adding all unexpanded neighboring nodes that are connected by directed paths to a priority queue. In the queue, each node is associated with its total path cost from the root, where the least-cost paths are given highest priority. The node at the head of the queue is subsequently expanded, adding the next set of connected nodes with the total path cost from the root to the respective node.